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How to say “sister” in Japanese

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This section provides additional background information on Japanese grammar:
- Japanese numerals, time periods, body parts, japanese colors, japanese alphabet

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Family and Family Relationships in Japanese

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Family and Family Relationships in Japanese

Below are the words relating to family relationships, as well as relatives of both close and distant.

  1. 家族 - Family (friend / foe)
  2. Relatives in neighboring generations and through generation
  3. Relatives of spouse
  4. "Foster" relatives, consolidated. "not native"
  5. General: ancestors, relatives
  6. What about the wife / husband?
  7. Deceased relatives

AT left column from the Russian meaning of the word are words that are used in Japanese when speaking about your family.

AT right column from the Russian meaning of the word are words that are used in Japanese speech in a conversation about someone else's family.

| | | Posted by: Vadim |
All news from Dec 3, 2014 |
私 の 家族
My family
Valueご 家族
Alien family
KirijiKanjiKanjiKiriji
to: sofa高祖父great-great-grandfather高祖父to: sofa
to: soba高祖母great-great-grandmother高祖母to: soba
oh oh ji

with: sofa

曾祖父
大祖父
曾祖父
曾祖父
great grandfather曾祖父
大祖父
曾祖父
曾祖父
oh oh ji

with: sofa

about: both

hee baba

曾祖母

曾祖母

great-grandmother曾祖母

曾祖母

about: both

hee baba

sofa祖父grandfatherお 祖父 さんabout ji san
soba祖母grandmotherお 婆 さんo baa san
chichidadお 父 さんabout that: san
hahaMamaお 母 さんabout ka: san
ryo: shin両親parentsご 両親go ryo: shin
parents御両親go ryo: shin
shujin主人husbandご 主人go shujin
tsumawife奥 さんoku san
sai
canai家内
fu: fu夫婦husband and wife, spousesご 夫婦go fu: fu
imo: thenyounger sister妹 さんimo: san
ane姉・姊elder sisterお 姉 さんo ne: san
oto: thenyounger brother弟 さんfrom: then san
aniOlder brotherお 兄 さんoh no: san
ani:兄 いOlder brother (familiarly)
aniki兄貴polite Older brother
(It is also used as an appeal to the elder)
Kyo: gimme兄弟brothers and sistersご 兄弟go kyo: give
musumedaughter娘 さんmusume san
anemusume姉娘eldest daughter
imo: tomusume妹娘youngest daughter
musuko息子son息子 さんmusuko san
Cho: nan長男eldest son
otomusuko弟息子younger son
kodomo子供childrenお 子供about kodo
oji叔父uncle
(younger than mother or father)
叔父 さんoji san
oji伯父uncle
(older than mother or father)
伯父 さんoji san
both叔母aunt
(younger than mother or father)
叔母 さんboth san
shukubo叔母

Uncles, aunts, nephews, grandchildren, cousins, second cousins, etc. fall into this category. relatives.

KirijiKanjiValue
gaysofu外祖父maternal grandfather
gaisobo外祖母maternal grandmother
Jiji:祖父grandfather (by kinship)
sofubo祖父母grandfather and grandmother, grandfather and grandmother
both祖母grandmother
Obatyanおばちゃんchild aunt, aunt
child grandmother, granny
o: oji大伯父cousin grandfather (aunt's father)
o: oji大叔父
about: both大叔母great-aunt (aunt's mother)
大伯母
futaitoko再従兄弟second cousin
Saiju: Keitei再従兄弟
hatoko再従兄弟
mataitoko再従兄弟
ju: katei従兄弟cousins, cousin
total従兄弟
ju: shimai従姉妹cousins, cousin
total従足弟cousin
ju: tei従弟younger cousin
ju: kay従兄older cousin
ju: may従妹younger cousin
ju: si従姉older cousin
yasyago玄孫great-great-grandson
ganson玄孫great-great-grandson
co: dream曾孫great-grandson, great-granddaughter
hiimago曾孫
hiko曾孫
himago曾孫
gayson外孫grandson from daughter
grandson (granddaughter) on a daughter line
sotomago外孫
utimago内孫grandson from son
hatsumago初孫first grandson, first granddaughter
wimago初孫first grandson, first granddaughter
icon愛孫beloved grandson
magograndson, granddaughter
孫子
sleepgrandson
oinephew
Mayniece
tesson姪孫Prince grand-nephew, great-grand niece
yu: si猶子nephew,
adopted child

This category includes brother-in-law, sister-in-law, father-in-law, mother-in-law.

KirijiKanjiValue
Koju: then小舅brother-in-law (husband's brother)
Konka Saki No Kyo: Give婚家先の兄弟brother-in-law (husband’s brother),
brother-in-law (wife's brother)
aniome兄嫁daughter-in-law (older brother's wife)
aniome
kyu: ko舅姑father-in-law and mother-in-law, father-in-law and mother-in-law
shu: tomemother-in-law, mother-in-law
sai no chichi妻の父father in law
sai no haha妻の母mother-in-law
syu: thenfather in law
Koju: then小姑sister-in-law (husband's sister)
Koju: Tome小姑
gisi義姉stepsister (older),
milk sister (older),
sister-in-law (older sister of the wife),
sister-in-law (older sister of the husband),
daughter-in-law (wife of an older brother, brother of a husband or brother of a wife),
gimai義妹stepsister (younger),
milk sister (younger),
sister-in-law (wife’s younger sister),
sister-in-law (husband’s younger sister),
daughter-in-law (wife of a younger brother, brother of a husband or brother of a wife),
hickey義兄half brother (older),
Milk brother (senior),
brother-in-law (older brother of his wife),
brother-in-law (older brother of the husband),
son-in-law (husband of an older sister),
brother-in-law (husband of the older sister of the wife or husband),
gitei義弟half brother (younger),
milk brother (younger),
brother-in-law (wife’s younger brother),
brother-in-law (husband’s younger brother),
son-in-law (husband of the younger sister),
brother-in-law (husband of the younger sister of the wife or husband),
kettlebell but ani義理の兄half brother (older),
Milk brother (senior),
brother-in-law (older brother of his wife),
brother-in-law (older brother of the husband),
son-in-law (husband of an older sister),
brother-in-law (husband of the older sister of the wife or husband),
kettlebell but from: then義理の弟half brother (younger),
milk brother (younger),
brother-in-law (wife’s younger brother),
brother-in-law (husband’s younger brother),
son-in-law (husband of the younger sister),
brother-in-law (husband of the younger sister of the wife or husband),
kettlebell no ane義理の姉stepsister (older),
milk sister (older),
sister-in-law (older sister of the wife),
sister-in-law (older sister of the husband),
daughter-in-law (wife of an older brother, brother of a husband or brother of a wife),
kettlebell but imo: then義理の妹stepsister (younger),
milk sister (younger),
sister-in-law (wife’s younger sister),
sister-in-law (husband’s younger sister),
daughter-in-law (wife of a younger brother, brother of a husband or brother of a wife)
omebride, young wife, daughter-in-law, daughter-in-law,
haigu: xia配偶者spouse
oyakyo: give親兄弟parents, brothers and sisters, immediate relatives
nadadatinin仲立ち人matchmaker (father of one of the spouses in relation to the parents of the other spouse, i.e. father-in-law of the son or daughter-in-law of the daughter)
nako: to仲人matchmaker
baikainin媒介人matchmaker
baysyakunin媒酌人matchmaker
anemuko姉婿son-in-law (older sister's husband)
mukoyo: si婿養子son-in-law
imo: tomko妹婿son-in-law (husband of the younger sister)

Stepfather, stepmother, adoptive parents, brothers and sisters fall into this category.

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