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If you are a novice driver or have only driven a car with an automatic transmission so far, the idea of mechanics can terrify you at first. Fortunately, everyone can understand how to start a car with a manual gearbox and how to shift gears. To do this, you need to understand what a clutch is, learn how to use the gearshift lever and then practice to pull off, stop and shift gears at different speeds. The only way to truly learn is practice and practice again.
How to ride a manual gearbox.
In America, the share of new cars sold with a manual transmission is only 6 percent. Therefore, for many American drivers, driving a car with a mechanical transmission is very difficult. So many drivers are used to driving vehicles with automatic transmission. In our country, the proportion of cars with a manual transmission sold so far is slightly larger than with an automatic transmission, but, nevertheless, for many drivers driving a car with a manual transmission causes a lot of difficulties. Our online publication has prepared instructions for all motorists and a small manual that will help you learn how to ride a mechanic.
Cars with a manual transmission are generally cheaper than cars with automatic transmission. But driving a vehicle with a manual transmission will not only save you money when buying a car, but it will also open up a whole new world for you.
Note that, as before, many powerful sports cars are equipped with a manual gearbox. But even having bought an inexpensive expensive weak car, it will allow you to significantly reduce fuel costs, since a car equipped with a manual transmission consumes much less fuel than a car equipped with an automatic transmission.
What are the other benefits of manual transmissions over automatic transmissions? Manual transmission is much more reliable than automatic transmission and, moreover, the cost of repairing mechanics is much less than repairing a complex machine.
Plus, driving a car with a manual transmission in the winter is much safer than driving a car with an automatic transmission.
Step One: Why do we need transmission in manual transmission?
Manual transmission requires the driver to change gears independently. Most cars with manual transmission have 4 or 5 speeds and plus one rear gear. In order to master where what transmission speed is and what each of them is for, you need to know the following:
Clutch pedal. When you press the pedal, a special mechanism in the box gives you the opportunity to use the gearshift knob to switch on the necessary gear. Remember that you can only shift the gearbox if the clutch pedal is fully depressed.
A neutral gear actually means that the torque from the engine will not be transmitted to the wheels. With the engine running and with the neutral gear engaged, if you press the gas pedal, the car will not move. With the neutral gear engaged, you can engage any speed from this position, including reverse gear.
For most cars with mechanics, 2nd gear is the workhorse, as the first gear is mainly designed to move away. Second gear will help you to get down a steep slope by car or help you get around in traffic.
The reverse gear is slightly different from other speeds in the manual transmission. This speed got a slightly larger range of operation than the first gear. At rear speed, you can accelerate faster than at first. But the reverse gear does not “like” when the car travels in this mode for a very long time (it can lead to failure of the gearbox mechanism).
So reverse gear is not the main way of moving.
The gas pedal allows at each speed to use the maximum engine torque set for each speed. When accelerating in a car equipped with a manual transmission, you feel every speed, which gives each driver a unique driving experience and better control of the car.
Step Two: Understand the location of gear speeds
Before learning how to ride a mechanic, you must master the location of each gear speed, which are indicated on the shift knob. After all, you will not look at the handle where the speed is located ?! Remember that for perfect gear shifting it is necessary to fully depress the clutch pedal, otherwise each speed will start with a characteristic rattle or crunch, which can lead to breakdown of the transmission.
If you are a new driver, we advise you to look first from the front passenger seat, as another more experienced driver synchronously presses the clutch pedal and switches gears. Pay attention to the maximum speed of the car in each gear.
At first, even having studied the location of each speed, you will still mentally recall where this or that gear is located. Over time, you will stop thinking about gear changes every time and will do it at an unconscious level (mechanically). It's all a matter of habit. So if you do not have at the very beginning the ideal skill of driving with manual transmission, then do not be discouraged and do not fall into despair. The speed of gear shifting and much more will come to you as you accumulate driving experience.
Another problem for any novice driver who drives a car with a manual gearbox is not knowing when and what speed to turn on. In order to know whether the correct gear is engaged at a certain vehicle speed, we advise you to focus on the sound of the engine.
If the engine speed is very low and the car does not accelerate, then you have switched over gear and you need to switch to a lower gear.
If the engine speed is very large, then you need to include a higher gear to unload the box.
If your car is equipped with a tachometer, then in order to understand when it is necessary to switch the speed, be guided by the number of engine revolutions. Despite the fact that each make and model of a car with a manual gearbox requires a different gear shift order, basically each gear can be shifted when the engine reaches 3000 rpm. You can also navigate by the speedometer to know when it is necessary to switch the transmission speed.
For example, switch the speed every 25 km / h (1st gear 1-25 km per hour, 2nd 25-50, 3rd 50-70, etc.). Remember that this is just a general rule of thumb for shifting a gearbox. And, the more powerful your car, these values will deviate upward.
Step Three: Starting the Engine
Put the gearshift knob in the neutral position by first depressing the clutch pedal before starting the engine. Do not shift gears without depressing the pedal, as this may result in failure of the manual transmission. Starting the engine, warm it up to operating temperature. If you warm up the car in winter, then the first few minutes of warming up do not release the clutch pedal after engaging a neutral gear. This will allow you to warm up the frozen oil in the box much faster.
Attention. Do not start the car engine with the gear engaged. This will lead to uncontrolled movement of the machine, which can lead to accidents.
Step Four: Use the Clutch Pedal Properly
Clutch is a mechanism that helps you smoothly shift gears. Always push the clutch to the end. If you change gear while driving without fully squeezing the clutch, you will hear a rattle or crunch. Try to avoid this so as not to damage the box.
Also remember that the left foot should only depress the clutch pedal. The right foot is just a gas pedal and a brake pedal.
At first it will be difficult for you to ideally release the clutch after switching gears. You need to get used to it. If you are experiencing problems with this, we advise you to slowly release the clutch after changing gears in order to feel the moment when the transmission of torque from the engine to the wheels begins.
Avoid unnecessary vehicle acceleration when the clutch pedal is not fully depressed. Do not develop the habit of leaving the clutch pedal depressed for more than 2 seconds (even at traffic lights - use neutral speed).
Many novice drivers experience the problem of releasing the clutch pedal very quickly. Do not be discouraged if you are having trouble. Over time, you will get used to and will not notice how coordinated you are shifting gears. Remember that everyone experiences difficulties with this. Once you start driving frequently in heavy city traffic, you will quickly gain experience.
Step Five: Coordinated Coordinated Action
What is a gear knob? This is your door to the world of drive acceleration and a special perception of the car. But in order to fully feel the true pleasure of driving a car with mechanics, coordinated and coordinated actions are necessary. As an example for the 1st and 2nd speeds, we will give all your actions, which over time you should bring to automatism.
Depress the clutch pedal all the way. Switch the speed knob to the first speed. Start slowly releasing the clutch pedal while simultaneously gently and slowly pressing the gas pedal. Bringing the clutch pedal somewhere to the middle, you will feel that the torque has begun to be fully transmitted to the wheels. Having gradually released the clutch pedal to the end, accelerate to 25 km / h. Next, you need to switch to second gear. To do this, again squeeze the clutch to the end and switch the speed to second gear, then slowly, lowering the clutch pedal, slowly add gas.
Step Six: Downshifting
Downshifting is a method of shifting lower gears of a car during deceleration. How you will change gears when the speed decreases, and how the automatic gearbox works, when the vehicle slows down has a huge difference. Switching to a lower speed will help you not only slow down the car, but also allow you to turn on exactly the speed that is really needed.
Downshifting will help you in bad slippery weather both in summer and in winter, not to resort to braking with the brake pedal if it is necessary to reduce the speed, which makes it safer to travel by car, unlike a car equipped with an automatic transmission.
Here is an example of how to stop a car at a speed of 70 km / h using downshifting:
- Depress the clutch pedal and shift the gearbox to 3rd gear by moving the right foot from the gas pedal to the brake.
- To avoid high revs, slowly release the clutch pedal.
- Before stopping, depress the clutch pedal again.
- Do not use the first speed as a lower gear.
This stopping method allows you to stop much faster and safer than when braking with one brake pedal.
Seventh step: Reverse speed
Be careful when reversing the car. If it is improperly activated, the gear lever may pop up. Never try to engage reverse gear until the car stops completely. On some models, in order to enable reverse gear, you must first press the gearshift knob on top.
Remember that reverse gear has a high operating range, so be careful not to press the accelerator pedal too much, as the car can quickly gain dangerous speed.
Step Eight: Driving on a Hill
As a rule, most roads do not have a flat plane due to the terrain. Therefore, stopping on the road, in many places the car starts to roll back without a brake. It is much more difficult to touch on a road with an inclined plane than on a flat terrain. In order to perfectly learn how to get started on a hill, you need to consolidate your skills with the following exercise.
Stand on the road with an inclined plane and, putting the car on a manual parking brake ("handbrake"), engage a neutral gear. Now your task is to release the handbrake, engage first gear, depressing the clutch pedal, move off the hill, releasing the clutch gently while simultaneously pressing the gas pedal. At some point, you will feel that the car has stopped moving back. It is in this position that you can keep the car on a slope or hill without a brake.
Learning to drive a car with a manual gearbox
After the driver’s seat has been prepared (the driver’s seat, side mirrors and rear-view mirror have been set up), you can begin to familiarize yourself with the pedal assembly.
The car on the mechanics is equipped with three pedals: clutch, brake and accelerator (gas). The clutch pedal is on the left, the brake pedal is in the middle, and the accelerator pedal is on the right.
- The clutch pedal is designed to transmit torque and smooth gear shifting. Moreover, you can only change gears with the clutch pedal depressed. The driver depresses the clutch pedal with a quick press, releases it smoothly, taking into account the clutch free play until the clutch disc contacts the engine flywheel and the vehicle begins to move. After the car has started, it is necessary to dose the accelerator pedal and remove the foot from the clutch pedal.
- The brake pedal is pressed with the right foot and serves to brake the car. The effort to depress the brake pedal primarily depends on the speed and road conditions. The lower the speed, the less effort.
- Accelerator pedal. Through the accelerator pedal, the driver changes the amount of fuel mixture falling into the internal combustion engine cylinders, thereby increasing or decreasing the speed of rotation of the crankshaft.
Accordingly, the vehicle speed changes. The stronger the driver presses on the accelerator pedal, the more fuel mixture enters the engine cylinders, the power parameters of the engine increase.
The novice driver must remember that when driving a car equipped with a manual transmission, the right leg is transferred from the gas pedal to the brake pedal and vice versa, and the left one works only with the clutch pedal. An exception is the use of sports control techniques when braking can be performed by a professional with his left foot.
- The gear shift lever is designed to change manual gearboxes when the car is moving. Each manual transmission step corresponds to a certain speed mode. With an increase in the speed mode, the driver must include an upshift, and with a decrease in speed, respectively, include a downshift.
How to drive a car in mechanics: step-by-step instructions
- We occupy the correct position at the wheel of the car, check the position of the lever (should be translated into neutral).
- We turn the key in the ignition and start the car engine.
- Next, right-click on the brake, with the left foot, depress the clutch pedal and engage first gear.
- Then we release the brake, shift the right foot to the gas and at the same time smoothly release the clutch pedal.
- After the car starts moving slightly, we dose the draft with the accelerator pedal until the moment the vehicle starts moving confidently.
- After the car starts to move, we completely remove the foot from the clutch pedal and continue to press the accelerator pedal for the purpose of subsequent speeding of the car.
- Upon reaching the required speed mode recommended for the car to move in first gear, release the gas, squeeze the clutch again and engage second gear. In this case, the clutch can already be released a little sharper than when starting at the first.
- With the right choice of the necessary gearbox will switch without jerks and jerks.
Recommended speed modes in different gears:
- first gear 0-20 kilometers per hour,
- second gear 20-40 kilometers per hour,
- third gear 40-60 kilometers per hour,
- fourth gear 60-90 kilometers per hour,
- fifth gear 90-110 kilometers per hour,
- sixth gear over 110 kilometers per hour.
Driving a car with a manual gearbox: braking
When smoothly braking or braking, the driver must shift his right foot from the gas pedal to the brake pedal, achieving a decrease in the vehicle speed to the required level.
После чего, если нет необходимости полной остановки автомобиля, водитель должен выжать сцепление, включить передачу, соответствующему данному скоростному режиму и продолжить движение.
We also recommend reading an article on how to drive a car with a gun. In this article you will learn about the features of driving a car with an automatic transmission. In case of emergency braking, the driver must remove his foot from the accelerator pedal, transfer it to the brake pedal and depress the brake until the car stops completely. If the situation allows, at the same time the clutch pedal is squeezed out along with the brake, and the gear lever is turned into neutral.
Step Nine: Parking
Leaving the car in the parking lot after you shut off the engine, depress the clutch pedal and engage first gear. Thus, you will protect your car from rolling in your absence. For reliability, it is also necessary to raise the parking brake lever (or press the button if the handbrake is electronic). The main thing to remember is that when you return, before you start the car, you must definitely shift the gear to the neutral position.
Step Ten: Practice
At first, all these actions will seem very difficult and difficult for you. But this is all natural. During the operation of the car your experience will grow. Remember that the more practice, the more driving experience you gain. If, after you have obtained the rights, you are still afraid to drive a car, then do independent driving training on any site where there are no other cars. Thus, you will gain confidence in driving.
As soon as you become bolder, we advise you to practice in the real road conditions of your locality in the early morning or night time. Explore all roads, especially where you intend to drive a car most often. Lack of cars at this time will give you confidence.
Many are afraid to drive a car with mechanics. Some claim that it is neither comfortable nor modern. Do not listen to anyone. Manual transmission, despite the outdated technology, remains one of the most reliable transmissions in the automotive industry.
Yes, at some points the mechanics somewhat reduce driving comfort, but for this you will be rewarded with much greater control over the car, increased power, better fuel economy, cheap maintenance cost and low cost repairs (compared to automatic transmissions), valuable life-giving driving skills that allow You drive almost any vehicle in the world.
Why do you need the ability to drive a car with a manual?
Some driving schools provide services such as driving a car exclusively for driving. This means that the rights will be issued correspondingly. That is, then it will not be possible to get behind the wheel of a manual transmission without obtaining a new certificate.
Situations in life arise different, and sometimes there is an urgent need to drive a car with a manual gearbox. Having received the rights to do this, you can always transfer to the machine. On the contrary, it will not work.
Buying a car on the mechanics is a more profitable purchase. In addition to the lower price of cars, their operation will also be more economical. As a rule, they have less fuel consumption, and repairing some parts will also be less expensive.
In a situation where the battery is discharged, you can get out of position. For example, throw wires from another car to recharge. Or the car can be started from the so-called pusher. These options are not suitable if the vehicle has an automatic transmission.
Only using a manual gearbox, you can feel complete control over the car. When many manipulations are performed on the machine, this does not happen.
The basics of riding a mechanic
Before you learn how to learn how to ride a mechanic, it’s advisable to understand what you’ll have to deal with:
- Pedals. When controlling the vehicle, three pedals are used: gas (rightmost), brake (center), clutch (located on the left). In contrast to the automatic transmission, both legs are used in the control here. If a driver who is behind the wheel of a mechanic is a beginner, at first, this will be unusual.
- PPC. By shifting the gears in the transmission, the gear changes. On many cars, this selector is equipped with tips that make it easier to figure out which gear is selected.
- Tachometer. Located on the dashboard, and allows you to determine how many crankshaft engine makes revolutions per minute. With it, beginners control when it is necessary to switch to the next gear.
We deal with the transmissions to the manual transmission
The mechanics differs from the machine in that it requires constant control of the driver, that is, independent gear shifting. Basically, vehicles have 4 or 5 speeds, and in addition to them, the rear. To understand the location of each, you need to know their purpose.
Gearbox: beginner's guide
- Each time the movement begins with the clutch pedal depressed, thus, it becomes possible to switch to another speed. Introducing the required gear is acceptable when the clutch is fully depressed.
- When neutral gear is selected, when squeezing gas, the car will not move. When the selector is in this position, it is possible to select the desired speed, including the rear.
- The working gear is considered the second. It is convenient to move around on sloping terrain, as well as drive in traffic jams. The first is usually used to start the path, then, accelerating, go to the second. Having gained even greater speed and speed, you can move on to the third.
- It is more difficult for inexperienced drivers to master how to drive in mechanics, in reverse gear. Using it, acceleration is faster than the first, but still, driving a car is often, therefore, very dangerous.
Before you travel to the city by car, you need to be well aware of where the gear is located. Theory is good, but in this case, practical skills are needed. After all, while driving, you can’t be distracted and look at the selector, choosing the desired gear, because it is unsafe. At first, you can train on a car, in a non-working state, bring gears to automatic.
Start of movement
- Before turning the key in the ignition switch, it is necessary to fully depress the clutch pedal with the left foot, and with the right to press the brake, and only then start the engine. The engine is started, the clutch is squeezed out, the first gear can be engaged (before this the selector is in the neutral position). That the car did not stall, it is impossible to release the left foot from a pedal. When the machine is working, from the brake, the foot moves to the gas pedal and at the same time it is necessary to start removing the foot from the clutch, only smoothly.
- To make the transition to the next speed, it is necessary that the tachometer needle is equal to 3000 rpm. If you switch too soon, the machine may stall.
How the transition is performed:
- The right leg is removed from the gas, and the left clutch is completely squeezed out, and at this time the selector is moved to the desired position,
- The clutch must be released and the gas pedal depressed,
- Further, only the right leg is involved in the control, before moving to the next speed or stopping.
More experienced drivers usually do not pay attention to the tachometer readings, but focus on the sound of the engine.
If the car does not accelerate and too low rpm, you must switch to a lower speed. And if the speed is too high, it is necessary to include the next speed so as not to overload the engine.
Stop and parking
To drown out vehicles, you can use two options:
- Switching to lower gears, after that, it is necessary to depress the brake pedal.
- Press the clutch and move the selector to the neutral position, then remove the foot from the clutch and press the brake if necessary.
To make the box wear less it is better to use the second method, and do not forget to squeeze the clutch in addition to the brake.
When parking your car, it is always necessary to use the hand brake, especially if the surface is inclined. It is also always worth remembering the position of the wheels during parking. They need to be turned in such a way that in case of sudden movement, the car does not end up on the roadway.
Also, for greater safety, it is advised to rearrange the selector in first gear. This will help to protect your car from accidental rolling. But when resuming movement, you need to remember that the selector needs to be moved to a neutral state. And only then start squeezing the clutch.
Today, some novice car enthusiasts prefer cars with automatic transmission, considering them easier to drive. But it is worth remembering that the mechanics were and remain the most reliable. The greatest control over the vehicle, increased power and fuel economy will reward its owner for choosing a manual transmission. And having gained experience, riding on such machines will be a pleasure.
Manual transmission video instruction
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