The article in an accessible form talks about how to buy a used car, what you should pay attention to and how to reduce the price as much as possible.
The rhythm of life in our time is very high and it is difficult to keep pace everywhere, moving only on two legs, so sooner or later almost everyone thinks about buying a car. But you must admit, not everyone can afford the fresh Porsche straight from the car dealership, what to do then?
The solution arises by itself: you open a popular car site and start looking for a used car online.
How to buy a used car
First of all, decide for what purpose you need a car: family, work, off-road, maybe you just have not played enough cars and want to drive?
Think about it, because the goal implies all the parameters by which you will find exactly your car.
People who are just getting acquainted with the automotive world (if you are one of those) do not need a super-sophisticated car with three turbines and an engine that burns gasoline more than a burning oil refinery, so we will analyze this option in more detail.
A sedan is best for you (this is the most common “machine”). Station wagon (similar to a hearse), or hatchback (almost like a station wagon, but not a station wagon).
How to buy a car with it?
It's simple! In an ideal purchase option, you transfer money for the car only after completing all the procedures. Let us first take a brief look at the order of such a purchase, and then take a detailed look at each step.
|Way to buy a car||Optimal||Ideal|
|Cons for parties||The buyer risks that, despite the checks, he might run into a problem when registering a car in the traffic police.||The seller will have to spend his time to go to the traffic police with the buyer (not everyone agrees to this).|
As you can see, in the ideal version, the purchases change places 4 and 5 points - first you as a buyer make sure that the car is free from burdens and there is no ban on registration from bailiffs, and only then transfer the money to the seller.
By the way, in the best case scenario, in the contract of sale when buying a used car, in any case, the paragraph indicating the absence of such encumbrances is indicated. But in fact, if they are, you may encounter a lengthy process of returning the car to the seller, and yourself - the money paid for it.
Now let's look at the points regarding the legal intricacies of a purchase in more detail!
1. Checking the car
So, you looked after the car, and now you need to make sure of its legal "cleanliness". It includes verification of the following aspects:
- design changes
- prohibition of registration,
- car involvement in collateral obligations.
Can I do it myself? Not at 100%.
Checking the machine for a criminal past, if there is a suspicion of suspicion, is best entrusted to professionals with access to certain paid databases. But you can do a basic check before buying a car with your own hands.
1.1. Number Reconciliation
Will need: documents for the car and the car itself.
You can’t buy a car without such a check. To do this, take the documents for the car: STS (pink plastic certificate) and TCP, check the VIN number between them.
Next, check the VIN in the specified documents and the real numbers on the machine. Depending on the make and model of the machine, they can be embossed or stamped on a separate nameplate on one of the side members (usually on the right), on the left door pillar, on the lower left on the windshield (duplicate), on the threshold or on the floor under the rug under the left or right door. But it can be located in any other place under the hood. Check with the seller for this information.
Check the license plate number of the machine with the ones written on the certificate.
Check the engine and other license plate numbers, if available, with those indicated in the TCP. Typically, the engine number is at the connection of the motor to the gearbox.
1.2. Check on the official website of the traffic police
Will need: VIN (is in any document on the car and on the car itself), license plate number. The car itself is not needed.
The check on the official website includes all the main available data known and registered in the inspection. All this is done in one form by requesting various data. You also need to do such a check before you buy a used car from your hands.
- Go to the official traffic police portal to the car inspection page.
- Enter your VIN, body or chassis number. We recommend that you enter the VIN number after all for greater accuracy.
- Below, click all the links with the text “Request Verification”.
Verification of registration in the traffic police
Check for participation in an accident when buying a used car
Check for restrictions and wanted persons
Please note that sometimes information is incorrect on the site. So, for the tested car in the screenshots above there was no specified accident in 2016.
The most important thing for the buyer here is information on whether the car is wanted or if there are restrictions on registration actions.
A car can be involved in the search either because of its theft, or for serious violations and hiding from the scene of an accident. In both cases, you will encounter the problem of registration with the traffic police. And in case of theft, moreover, you will be obliged to return the car to the owner, and the money from the seller-scammer - to yourself, which is also not easy.
The prohibition of registration actions is one of the most common problems that many buyers will find out about when they attempt to register a car for themselves. The problem here is that it is necessary to find out the reason for such a ban and then to solve it. Most often, such a ban occurs because of fines or other types of long seller, less often because of debt on a loan for a car.
The only way out here is to pay the debts by the seller or by you as agreed.
Step 1. Choose a car
So, you decide to become the owner of a used car. How to buy a used car? The first thing any buyer should do is decide for what purpose an “iron friend” will be used:
- hatchback - the perfect car for city trips,
- sedan - a car for those who often drive out of town,
- station wagon - an excellent option for transportation of overall things in the trunk.
Also, when buying, it is important to consider other characteristics, for example, the type of drive. The most relevant today are cars with front-wheel drive. They are easy to operate and are much cheaper than cars with rear-wheel drive and four-wheel drive. Rear-wheel drive is suitable for lovers of high speeds, in addition, RWD gives you the ability to control the car with unwanted drifts.
Four-wheel drive - ideal for off-road. Four-wheel drive vehicles are considered the most stable on the road, but they differ in cost in a big way.
It is necessary to pay attention to the type of transmission: “mechanics” or “automatic”. Despite the fact that the manual transmission will cost the car enthusiast a little cheaper, it will give much more advantages, for example, the possibility of saving fuel. However, the automatic transmission is easier to drive and ideal for the fair half of drivers.
Another important point is engine power. The most powerful engine options allow you to load the car to a greater extent.
Technical Issues Car Condition
Further, what you should pay attention to is the year and mileage of the car. You should not take the car since the reign of Yeltsin.
The optimal ratio of price and quality will have cars of 2005-2008 year of "birth" (the article is written in 2016). With mileage, the opposite is true, the smaller it is, the longer your “iron horse” will live.
The next criterion is the number of owners: the fewer they are, the greater the chance of buying a car without hidden physical defects and legal skeletons in the closet. Never make a car in the traffic police without a host.
It happens that you come to the traffic police, and they put on “fashionable” steel bracelets, justifying it with the fact that the car is in theft.
For the rest, a familiar auto mechanic will help you, with it you will need to look at the car and evaluate its technical condition. You should not look at the car alone and pull something under the hood with a smart look, if you, frankly, do not understand cars at all.
And yet, how to buy a used car. Watch alone or with a friend (girlfriend).
Look for flaws very carefully, inspect the body, identify scratches and dents. Look for malfunctions, suspiciously and eagerly relate to any part that you did not like.
The main thing is to collect more complaints and then you will have a set of arguments, albeit not entirely justified, but certainly lower the price.
Remember, the owner of the car, who has been exploiting it for several years, has somewhat lost its true value, knows its weaknesses that he would like to hide. And you, if you fall into several of them, will surely touch his steadfastness.
The seller always pawns a stock of prices so that, after bargaining, he will drop to the level below which he does not want to sell, and will let you go, with a clear conscience in front of him.
A sophisticated but effective method
Now let's talk about how to buy a used car in a tricky way. How to lower him, the seller, below the lowest level that he has set for himself.
This process of buying a used car is more complicated and can be somewhat adventurous, but believe it works.
I want to note that everything is legal and will not harm anyone, except that you spend less money on buying a car, and accordingly the seller will receive exactly the same amount. This is pure psychology.
You will need helpers for this. Friends or good friends with basic artistic abilities.
You are the first to come to inspect the car, with one purpose - to buy. The process begins if you have decided on the choice of this particular car.
Of course, immediately make maximum claims, bargain until you understand the seller’s lower limit. And of course, you do not agree with him, and leave you annoyed.
Important! Behave extremely diplomatically, no offense, politely, with respect to the owner for his careful attitude to the car. Praise the car and leave it with regret, disappointed, you can with a stingy tear))).
After seeing the car, leave to think ... and immediately, after a short period of time, send the second (false seller), who, knowing the lower price limit, critical in his own way, already makes his claims, knowing the identified weaknesses from your words and the words of the owner.
Your mishandled Cossack impudently sets a price much lower than the owner’s limit.
Of course, the indignant seller does not agree, but believe me, doubts have already been sown in his soul.
Features and Risks
The main risk of buying a used car is a collision with scammers and swindlers. Dealers of easy profit often sell stolen cars, cars - participants in road accidents, etc.
That is why when buying a used car, first of all pay close attention to the documentation available from the seller.
There are also merchants who, even before signing the contract, demand an advance from the buyer, and then, for some reason, break the deal. The result of such an enterprise may turn out to be disastrous: the buyer will be left without a vehicle, and without an advance payment.
A very low price should also alert. Believe me, there is certainly a reason for this. Perhaps the seller does not have documents for the vehicle, or they want to sell you a stolen, beaten car.
True, sometimes there are exceptions when the seller reduces the price in order to accelerate the sale of cars.
Trusting buyers often buy cars from a seller who acts by proxy, without checking the document confirming his authority.
And in vain: any documents must be carefully checked. Especially pay attention to the validity period of all documents and do not forget to look at the passport data.
At any time, the real owner of the vehicle may appear and claim their right to the car. The deceived buyer will have to prove his case in court.
Do not agree to indicate a smaller amount in the sales contract. If the judge declares the transaction invalid, the amount specified in the official contract will be returned to the buyer.
With a slightly longer period of time, the third false buyer (also your recipient) comes along and “treads” the price as much as possible, making claims and frankly “messing up” the car, insolently reduces the price to an unreasonable limit, causing outrage from the seller.
But he does not know that the buyer is already aware of many stocks and indicates them exactly.
Such a daring step should shake confidence in its ideal price-quality ratio; he will begin to doubt the reasonableness of his assessment.
What you need to know when buying a used car?
Buying a used car is a serious procedure that is carried out according to certain rules:
- A used car deal should only be entered into under a sales contract. Do not buy a car by general power of attorney, as it can be easily recalled, and then you will be left without money and without a vehicle.
- A key condition for completing a transaction is that the person selling the car has a full set of documentation. This fact confirms the honesty of the seller.
What documents are needed:
- Car passport. If the TCP is absent, or the seller has only a duplicate, then perhaps this vehicle is pledged and cannot be sold. Having bought such a car, be prepared for the fact that in the future the bank will be able to select it for the debts of the former owner. When concluding the contract, pay attention to the content of the TCP (the information must match the characteristics of the vehicle).
- Contract of sale. This document is executed in 2 copies and should include the signatures of both parties to the transaction. One copy remains with the buyer, the second with the seller.
Some companies offer intermediary services for transactions with the selection and purchase of a car. But you have to pay for these services. Why throw away extra money when you can go through all the steps of the procedure yourself?
And here you suddenly appear, with a desire to make a concession in price that has not abandoned. But now you know how much he has moved and ... now you are making a decisive blow to the price.
You must prepare for this step. Best if you come with cash. Remember, nothing is so mesmerizing as packs of real paper notes.
You still, and yes ... intelligently reduce the last lowest price, take out a wad of money and say: Here is the money, after a while it will be yours and you will finally get rid of this gimoroy with the sale of the car.
The seller, upset, having thought a little, is likely to add something to your price. And here you are giving in to him a little, agree.
But believe me, the price will be much lower than what the buyer wanted!
There may be more intermediate steps with different people, but the main thing is that a third-party buyer does not squeeze between them and break your circuit by offering more.
There is no guarantee of success, of course, different people and characters. Professionalism of assistants and circumstances. But if you are a positive and cheerful person who wants to experiment and take risks, you will earn on this a dozen or two thousand rubles.
This is enough for you and gifts for helpers.
Now you know how to buy a used car professionally.
Have a nice shopping and profitable experiment!
Buying a car with hands: procedure
How to buy a car safely? To do this, follow the procedure described below:
- Find a seller you trust. Do not contact suspicious persons.
- Ask the owner of the vehicle all the necessary documentation for him.
- Check the car for forensic expertise in the traffic police, where they will definitely give comprehensive information about the car, namely: whether it is listed on the wanted list, theft, whether it participated in an accident, was repainted, etc. This process will take you some time, but you will be completely confident in your future purchase.
- Check the information obtained from the forensics with the words of the seller.
- Perform an auto examination. This procedure will allow you to find out the basic characteristics of the machine and help to really evaluate it.
Buying a used car requires a review. If you understand the cars and do not want to run around, then do an independent check. How to do this?
We offer a number of steps for lovers of "digging" in cars:
- Сначала посетите авторынок и ознакомьтесь с его ценовой политикой.
- Определитесь с маркой ТС.
- Выбрав машину, посидите некоторое время в салоне. Are you comfortable in it? Be convinced of it, and then follow further.
- Look under the hood and trunk. Rate the condition.
- Also appreciate the appearance of the “iron horse”. The machine must not contain rust spots, dents, peeling paint, jammed doors, etc. Pay special attention when examining the joints at the body, where corrosion phenomena are most often formed.
- Ask the owner questions about all repairs. It is desirable that they are not only voiced by the owner, but also displayed in the documents. If there are large defects in the body, demand a reduction in cost or even refuse to buy.
- Start the engine and listen to how it works. Warm it up for 20 seconds and then drown. Then turn it on again. If the engine is worn out, after these manipulations, the indicator will light up, indicating a decrease in oil pressure.
- Be sure to drive the selected car at least a short distance: some defects are manifested by characteristic sounds during the ride (creaks, whistles, tapping, etc.). In addition, so at the same time you check the brake system, evaluating the smoothness of the car.
If after such a thorough examination your decision has not changed, proceed to the transaction.
To make a purchase and sale transaction in accordance with all the rules and laws, you need to contact a notary. What documents will be needed for both parties to the transaction:
- contract of sale,
- passports of the buyer and seller,
- certificate confirming the registration of the car (if the car was not deregistered),
- diagnostic card
- car insurance.
If you purchase a used foreign car, then the following are attached to the main list:
- document confirming the legal importation of vehicles into the country,
- papers confirming previous sales,
- Documents issued at customs
- Vehicle title
- technical passport (if temporary registration is indicated in it, then this machine will need to be taken abroad or to issue a permanent registration).
If you have all the necessary documents, the notary will certify the purchase and sale certificate and payment of the cost of the car.
The following information is reflected in the sales contract:
- data of individuals
- technical data of the machine (make, VIN, model, year of manufacture, engine, body, chassis numbers),
- Title data (number, series, date of issue).
In addition to the contract, it is advisable for a notary to draw up and certify a receipt on the receipt by the former owner of a sum of money in the amount of the full cost of the car.
It is better to play it safe, check everything properly, use the services of a notary public and be calm about your property.
And now you are the rightful owner of a used car, and the previous owner will not be able to return the car, referring to the illegality of the transaction.
Another caveat: license plates
The previous owner has the right to leave the numbers from the vehicle for himself, then to install them on a new car.
To this end, he writes a statement to the traffic police, and will give him the numbers only after re-registering the car and assigning it new numbers.
If the previous owner does not mind, then the buyer has the right to keep the old numbers by registering them with himself.
The duty in this case will be less than when replacing.
What to do after buying a used car?
The first thing you need to insure vehicles. MTPL, CASCO policies - everything is your choice.
Next on the agenda is the registration of vehicles. Fortunately, since 2013, the presence of the old owner to remove the car from the register and registration of the new owner is not required.
Take the following documents with you only:
- passport (original and copy),
- contract of sale,
- car registration certificate,
- extract from state accounting,
- car certificate
- motor insurance policy,
- customs declaration (for foreign cars).
In addition, you will need to write an application for registration of the car and present a check confirming payment of state duty.
Re-registration of the car to a new owner must be carried out within 10 days from the date of purchase. In case of any deviation from this procedure, the new owner will pay a fine.
Is it possible to return a car bought with it under a contract of sale?
It is not easy to return the car some time after the acquisition. First, carefully review the contract.
The point that you inspected the vehicle during the purchase and have no complaints about its technical condition will cross out your plans. This record means that the transaction was carried out honestly from the point of view of the law, even if the seller sold you a car without wheels and a motor.
The second obstacle to the return of the car may be its exact description with the defects and breakdowns you have identified.
It will not work to return the car to the former owner, but to you - your money - and if the agreement contains a reference to the act received from the expert service.
If the contract does not contain these items, then returning the car to the former owner is quite real. How to "crank" this?
First, make an appointment with the former owner of the car and calmly tell him your circumstances. Sometimes people agree to return, not wanting further problems and hassle.
But do not rely too much on such an easy agreement. Arguments of the seller’s refusal may be different, but most often the former owner argues that the money has already been spent.
In case of refusal, the problem will have to be resolved in court. You will need to prove that machine malfunctions arose even before the transaction was completed.
If there is no supporting documents, then you have to conduct a paid examination of the machine. With an expert opinion and a written complaint, go to the person who sold you the car.
Here you will need to use a registered letter with a notification: there is no other way to get evidence of familiarization with the document. Next, wait 2 weeks, and then go to court with a civil lawsuit against the former owner of the used car.
Even when using the services of an experienced lawyer, litigation will last at least six months. And with the active stubbornness of the defendant, the process can last several years. So do not expect a quick refund.
Full compensation is possible only in two cases:
- A used car has irreparable defects.
- The cost of troubleshooting is disproportionate to the economic effect received by the new owner.
If the car is bought with minor defects hidden by the seller, then the buyer has the right to compensation equal to the cost of repair work, but not to terminate the contract.
Here you can’t do without a good lawyer. In addition, it will be necessary to prove that the damage was hidden by the seller. To do this, you will have to collect a number of documents and attract witnesses who will prove the buyer's innocence in the breakdown of a used car.
In general, the hassle is mass. Whether to start this red tape is up to you.
As you can see, buying a used car is a very serious and responsible business. But you can cope with this task if you adhere to those recommendations that are presented above in the article. Do not rush to purchase and do not let fraudsters deceive you.
Step 2. We are looking for options
If you have decided on the characteristics and make of the car you want to buy from hand, it is time to move on to the next step - the search for possible options. The 21st century gave us a great opportunity not to get up at 4 in the morning to go to another city in the car market. At the moment, the selection procedure has been simplified thanks to the World Wide Web. There are many sites on which a huge selection of used cars is presented:
In addition, there are a huge number of forums where car enthusiasts discuss the brands of certain cars. You can also read reviews about “iron horses” on otzovik sites, while highlighting all the advantages and disadvantages of the selected model. Have you chosen a decent option from private hands that matches your financial capabilities? Now we move on to the next step - calling the seller and checking the vehicle.
Step 3. Check Auto History
Checking the auto history of the car from private hands before buying is an extremely important action, by completing which you can filter out unworthy used options. The procedure at this stage is as follows: we call the seller and ask for the car's VIN and state number. As a rule, owners of iron horses, whose history is clear, willingly dictate these data to customers. You received the VIN and the license plate number from the owner, then we go to the Autocode website. With this service you will know:
- information about accidents involving a used car,
- real mileage
- encumbrance facts (traffic police restrictions, pledges, leasing, search),
- number of owners
- information about working in a taxi,
- CTP information
- other data of interest.
A unique service opportunity is checking Japanese cars by license plate number. A car from Japan has no VIN, so most services are not able to provide information on them.
Step 4. We communicate with the seller
A telephone conversation with the seller is the next step when buying a car from private hands. There is a possibility that it will not be the landlord who will communicate with you, but an outbid or a small car dealership that buys and sells used cars. It is better to discard the option with an intermediary immediately, since in most cases resellers buy a used vehicle very cheaply, but sell it for the amount that it is not really worth.
A conversation with the owner of a used car is best done in a positive way. So a person will be more disposed to a detailed story about his “iron friend”. What questions should be asked to the owner:
- What is the mileage by car?
- Have accidents occurred, what are the consequences?
- The number of actual owners?
- Are there any burdens on the car?
- Has the vehicle been serviced by an authorized dealer?
If the owner reports that the car is unbroken, there were no accidents, and a check through the Autocode service indicates the opposite, then you can gently hint that you know this information. There are two options for the outcome of the events: either the owner hangs up or will be disposed to lower the price.
Carefully ask the seller about what investments will be required if you decide to buy a used car. Most sellers try to hide the need for a major overhaul of the car, but there is a possibility that you can find out the truth about how much finance you need to invest in a used car after purchase.
Step 5. Check the technical condition
If you decide to buy a used car, then you should understand that checking the technical condition is the most important stage. The amount that you then invest in your “iron horse” depends on it. It is important to prepare for the inspection of the machine.
When inspecting a car with a run from the owner, the following procedure must be observed:
- inspect the vehicle from all sides,
- ask the owner to show the flaws that were discussed during a telephone conversation,
- ask to start the car, track the color of the exhaust,
- pay attention to tire wear.
It is important to check for signs of corrosion. Next, check the thickness of the paintwork. Do not be afraid to ask the seller everything that interests you. Find out why the car was painted, if doors, hood and other elements were replaced.
Step 6. We agree on the price
For most people who want to buy a used car, the fundamental factor for making a positive decision is price. Bargaining with the seller before buying is not only possible, but also necessary. After all, both the buyer and the owner of the used car are interested in this transaction. The goal of the first is to buy as cheaply as possible, the goal of the second is to sell as expensive as possible.
In order for the bargain to be successful, in a conversation about the price of a used car, focus on the following points:
- the presence of malfunctions that will require repair after purchase,
- external shortcomings in the form of a lack of a manufacturer’s badge, a janitor, etc.,
- internal flaws, such as a dirty interior, upholstery defects, etc.
Remember that even the lack of a second set of keys from the owner of a used car can be a reason to reduce the price when buying. In addition, check with the owner of the vehicle whether the winter set of tires, speakers and other pleasant additions are included in the amount.
Step 7. We draw up documents
If the price of the vehicle suits you and you decide to buy a used car, you can safely proceed to the paperwork. However, we recommend that you carefully check the car again through the Autocode service before buying. It is better to refuse a transaction if:
- there are encumbrances on the vehicle,
- at least one of the numbers (state, VIN or body) of the machine does not match the numbers indicated in the report.
If you want to know the maximum truth about a car, use the services of an on-site check “Autocode”. The wizard will arrive where you indicate in the application, and check the vehicle using special devices.
Today, the procedure for processing documents for a car purchased from private hands has become much simpler than it was 10 years ago. Now the seller and the buyer enough to conclude a contract of sale. Next, the new owner receives all the documents, while entering the following data in the TCP: name, transfer address of the vehicle, date of sale, document confirming ownership, and signatures of both parties. Next, you have 10 days for registering a used used car for registration with the traffic police and issuing an insurance policy. Also in the traffic police must be filled in the missing columns in the TCP.
Step 8. What to do after buying a car
Buying a car took place, and you became the happy owner of the coveted "iron horse". Now you need to perform several procedures available in any car service:
- change the oil
- drain the brake fluid and fill in a new one,
- change antifreeze,
- balance the wheels
- change the timing belt,
- replace air filters.
If the purchased car has been in operation for more than 7 years, it will not be superfluous to replace the crankshaft and gearbox oil seals. These procedures will require certain costs from you (from 10 to 25 thousand rubles). However, it should be borne in mind that, having carried out a number of the above activities, you will use the purchased car longer.
In addition, within 10 days, do not forget to register the car with the traffic police, if necessary, compulsory motor third-party liability insurance and undergo inspection. Read more about this in our special article.