Useful Tips

Face during pregnancy

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They say that a pregnant woman is always prettier. Future mothers, like brides, are inevitably beautiful. But when spots and acne appear on the face, and the skin throughout the body itches, then the woman does not feel beautiful. Moreover, all these changes give her a certain discomfort and experience.

The processes occurring in the body of the pregnant woman are inevitable. They are programmed by nature and genetics. Against the background of hormonal changes, everything changes, and the skin also pays its price. But to correct the effects of hormones is still somewhat possible. Give yourself a little attention to your beloved in this wonderful period. And try to at least slightly smooth the imprint of pregnancy on your skin.

Dark spots

One of the first changes in the skin associated with the onset of a new condition is pigmentation. The midline on the abdomen, and especially the areola of the chest, may darken already at an early date. However, this is not all.

With the onset of pregnancy, melanin begins to be produced intensively in the body. It happens that the expectant mother is evenly darkened, as if covered with a light tan. But more often, the release of pigment occurs unevenly, and the woman turns into a Dalmatian.

The most upsetting thing is the so-called pregnancy mask, when age spots cover the face of the future mother: on the forehead, cheekbones, nose bridge, above the lip. Just one morning a woman can wake up and see a spotty face in the mirror. This happens closer to mid term.

It is noteworthy that in dark-skinned women, pigmentation is more pronounced. Also, the chances of becoming pockmarked are increased in dark-haired pregnant women. Therefore, try to hide your face from sunlight and, leaving your home, never forget about a cream with a sunscreen.

In general, don’t be very upset about the “war paint”: when your baby is born, the color of your skin will even out again.

No less trouble for a pregnant woman - stretch marks, or as they are scientifically called, striae. Their appearance is quite logical, because the skin for all 9 months decently stretches: the tummy grows, the chest swells enviably, and the weight gain sometimes turns out to be excessive or spasmodic. Therefore, breaks occur in the connective tissues, and stripes appear on the surface of the skin: initially purple-red in color, and eventually scar and whiten. It is almost impossible to get rid of striae (unless by a special procedure for grinding the skin). In addition, they are quite noticeable, especially on tanned skin, since melanin is absent in these formations.

The skin is most susceptible to stretching in the abdomen, buttocks, thighs, chest. In fair-skinned women, stretch marks appear much more often than in dark-skinned women. Moreover, 80% is due to heredity, and only in 20% the role is played by skin care, lifestyle, nutrition and so on. But if you can influence at least these 20%, then this should be done.

The first thing you need is to establish nutrition. Moreover, no matter how susceptible to the appearance of striae, you need to eat fully, varied, balanced. Focus on products that promote the skin's natural production of elastin and collagen. Already from 12 weeks, intensively nourish the skin with creams and lotions. Choose products intended for pregnant women from stretch marks. It can also be regular olive oil or natural cocoa butter, which do a great job. Be sure to moisturize your skin with at least something, this will significantly reduce the risks of stretching it. In addition, during the application of the product to the skin, you massage, which improves blood circulation, enhances the flow of nutrients to the skin layers and increases its elasticity.

Control weight gain, do not go beyond the permissible limit: this is dangerous in many ways, including the threat of the appearance of stretch marks.

Daily face care during pregnancy

Facial skin often changes during pregnancy. Most often, it becomes either too dry or too oily. Therefore, it is worth thinking about building a new care program.

In addition, care should be soft. The use of serious anti-age products and aggressive products for problematic skin is best left for later. Such cosmetics contain active ingredients, many of which are on the list not recommended during pregnancy.

Let's talk in detail about the three basic stages of facial care and their features during pregnancy.

Makeup Removal & Cleansing

To remove makeup, use the most natural means with a "simple" composition, for example, micellar water. Milk is ideal for dry skin. It does not dry out, but rather additionally moisturizes and soothes.

For washing during pregnancy, be sure to get a sulfate-free foam or gel. The label must not contain components with the word sulfate (sulphate). Instead of sulfates, soft surfactants should be present, for example: cocamidopropyl betaine (cocamidopropyl betaine)Sodium Cocoate (sodium cocoate)cocoamphoacetate sodium (sodium cocoamphoacetate)lauryl glucoside (lauryl glucoside).

These products gently remove dust and sebum without damaging the epidermal barrier.

From post to post, we will not tire of repeating that toning is a crucial stage of daily care that cannot be neglected. In short, tonics restore the skin's natural pH after contact with water and maintain a protective skin barrier. (Read more about toning in the post “Tonics vs. Lotions”).

Give up healing and alcohol lotions. Overly active components are not recommended for pregnant women, and alcohol strongly dries the skin and can further provoke pigmentation.

Choose a light tonic that is as natural as possible in composition. Hydrolates are well suited. But remember that they all have a soft, but rather specific “plant” odor, which can cause unpleasant sensations in pregnant women. It is better to smell before buying.

Skin changes during pregnancy

During pregnancy, serious changes occur in the body under the influence of hormones that affect the appearance.

Moisturizing the skin during pregnancy is one of the important stages of care © iStock

Acne and sweating

In the first trimester of pregnancy, the ratio of hormones changes. This immediately affects the skin condition: in particular, sebaceous and sweat glands begin to work more actively. The result is black spots, acne, excessive shine, even for those who were previously unfamiliar with these problems.

And also the skin reactivity, its sensitivity to external irritants increases.

Hair condition

During pregnancy, all processes in the woman’s body are aimed at creating optimal conditions for the growth and development of fetal cells. And all the changes are associated with the construction of a new complex system of "mother-placenta-fetus", which is regulated at the hormonal level.

Accelerated metabolic processes.

Increases the rate of division and life expectancy of cells, including skin cells, hair and nails.

Due to the high level of female sex hormones, the cells of the hair follicles actively divide, which prevents hair loss and stimulates their growth.

The picture changes after childbirth, when the hormonal system returns to its previous mode of operation. The level of estrogens decreases, which means that the rate of development of hair follicles slows down and increased hair loss can be observed. This phenomenon is called postpartum alopecia, it lasts about 3-4 months after birth.

Skin Care Tips During Pregnancy

While waiting for the baby, it is important to eat right, provide yourself with optimal physical activity, observe the drinking regimen, relax a lot and do not forget about skin care. How carefully you will feel after giving birth depends on how carefully you treat yourself at this time.

Proper nutrition

Quirks of pregnant women have long been a meme. Either a salted cucumber is eaten with chocolate, then they are drawn to chew the plaster from the wall or a piece of land from a flower bed. Limit yourself in desires is not worth it, but it is better to indulge your desires without fanaticism.

In general, the main recommendation of doctors is a balanced diet without excesses a la "only vegetables and fruits" or "nothing but oatmeal and cottage cheese." There is only one rule - the more diverse the diet, the better.

Foods rich in vitamins, protein, polyunsaturated fatty acids are needed.

It is better to eat bread from wholemeal flour, and potatoes - to prefer legumes.

Instead of pork, choose red meat, liver and fish.

If your doctor does not limit, drink 1.5–2 liters of pure still water per day.

Cold and hot shower

Oil or moisturizer for the skin - the best prevention of stretch marks © iStock

Daily shower finish with contrasting douche. Changing the temperature of the water strengthens skin cells, stimulates their work, gives firmness and elasticity. To enhance the effect of the procedure, combine a contrast shower with a light body massage. After - apply moisturizer or oil to wet skin.

Especially carefully work out areas of the possible appearance of stretch marks. By the way, their harbinger is a severe itch.

For expectant mothers, this procedure is not only pleasant, but also useful. In addition, oils are usually used during massage, which is an excellent prevention of stretch marks. The main thing, before starting the course, seek the approval of a doctor.

Face Care Rules

Fabric face masks quickly restore radiance and firmness to the skin © iStock

Follow the usual pattern:

The only thing that will have to be strengthened is the protection of the skin from ultraviolet radiation. Even in winter, a high SPF moisturizer is recommended.

This cream was developed specifically for sensitive skin. It moisturizes, retains moisture in the cells, and thanks to vitamin E, it also restores the barrier function of the skin. Almond and camellia oils are responsible for softening and smoothing the skin.

Nerd Cream Rose Water, Garnier

Designed for dry and sensitive skin, belongs to the generation of products consisting of 96% of ingredients of natural origin. Rose water soothes, nourishes the skin, makes it soft and supple. Suitable for vegans.

Cream for the area around the eyes and lips Ultime8, Shu Uemura

During pregnancy, it is very important to pay attention to the care of thin sensitive skin around the eyes. The formula with a thick texture based on 8 oils instantly replenishes moisture reserves, makes facial wrinkles less noticeable.

Body Skin Care Rules

After a shower, apply a thick nourishing cream on your hands, feet, stomach, this is an excellent measure for the prevention of striae.

Kreme de Corps Light-Weight Body Lotion, Kiehl’s

A lightweight version of the classic body nourishing cream is quickly absorbed and moisturizes the skin. Ingredients - jojoba oil and sweet almond.

Light non-greasy texture is well absorbed and tones the skin thanks to a concentrate of fruits - grapefruit, kiwi, apple. In addition, the composition contains caffeine, known for its drainage effect.

Improves skin condition in several ways:

For a pronounced effect, apply in a circular motion to the hips, abdomen, and other areas that are potentially at risk of striae formation.

The moisturizing effect lasts up to 7 days, but it is better to use the product every time after water procedures.

Hand and foot skin care rules

During pregnancy, the skin on the hands, feet, elbows can become drier than usual. To prevent cracking and peeling in addition to dryness, apply moisturizing care to these areas as needed.

Dry & Hardened Skin Care Intensive Treatment, Kiehl's

A rich moisturizer and softener for very dry or chapped skin. The composition includes oils of avocado, wheat germ and shea butter with a softening, regenerating, antioxidant effect.

Maple juice as a part of the Intensive Care product range has a noticeable regenerative effect. The cream is ideal for dry skin, suffering from hypersensitivity to external influences. Intensively softens and nourishes.

This cream has a very promising formula.

Shea butter, corn, apricot, soy, rice perfectly nourish dry skin.

Vitamin E and Passiflora Seed Oil prevent signs of aging.

Hazelnut proteins moisturize and smooth the skin.

The light texture of the cream makes the skin smooth and provides a feeling of comfort.

Precautionary measures

Many pregnant women report increased skin sensitivity. In order not to join their number, keep in mind that you are not yet recommended:

carry out traumatic facial cleansing,

resort to injection cosmetology techniques (mesotherapy, mesothreads, botox, fillers),

carry out photo-, electro- and laser hair removal.

Greetings from the past: 90s fashionable shoulder bags

Pregnancy is a time when a woman should relate to her own health with particular care and responsibility. But this does not mean at all that the expectant mother will have to forget about taking care of herself for as long as 9 months. Even being in a position, you should not give up cosmetic procedures and care products. The main thing is to know what will be safe for the baby's health, and what is better to refrain from. This is what our experts will tell.

Face cream during pregnancy

Regardless of skin type:

  • in cold morning we apply a nourishing cream, and moisturizing at night.
  • in warm time (when the temperature starts to stay above +7) - food at night, and moisturizing in the morning.

During pregnancy, pay attention to neutral creams from pharmacy brands. Their advantage for expectant mothers is in high-quality, but not very active ingredients. The mass market often sins with cheap and dubious preservatives. And professional creams are usually saturated with active ingredients, which now is completely useless to us.

Speaking about the neutrality of the cream, we mean not only the absence of allergens (essential oils, strong perfumes, etc.), but also that the cream performs only basic functions - nutrition and hydration, but does not solve specific skin problems - that is, it does not whiten , does not mattify, does not fight acne, etc. Set aside the solution to these problems for later. Now it is important to maintain the natural health of the skin.

A cream with hyaluronic acid or aloe is ideal for hydration, and with natural oils for nutrition.

Facial care during pregnancy

Pregnancy affects the condition of the whole body of a woman, including the skin. This is due to a change in the hormonal background - the predominance of estrogen and progesterone, which is sometimes even called the main hormone of pregnancy. Thanks to its action, the skin of expectant mothers, as a rule, becomes not so oily, less comedones are formed. Girls and women who previously suffered from acne and oily sheen on the face during this period can forget about such problems. This means that there is no need for serious cleansing procedures. It is better not to carry out traumatic face cleansing and deep peeling during pregnancy, because sensitivity to pain increases during this time. For cleansing and exfoliating the skin, it is better to choose gentle, soft cosmetic scrubs with particles of wax, marine collagen. Avoid the same means with hard, traumatic particles, for example, with sea salt or nutshells.

Unfortunately, the action of the “pregnancy hormone” can have not only a positive effect. If it helps owners of oily and problematic skin, then those with dry skin can begin to suffer from tightness and peeling. To prevent this from happening, several times a day you need to apply moisturizing creams. But do not forget that while the baby is waiting, the skin becomes especially irritable and susceptible to various kinds of allergens. So it is not recommended to try any new products during pregnancy, it is better to give preference to products and brands that have been suitable for your skin before.

Mothers not older: the oldest women to have children

Before you start using the cream, carefully study the list of its ingredients, because the product may contain retinoids, that is, synthetic analogs of vitamin A. Especially often they are part of creams designed for problem skin and fight age-related changes. It is better for expectant mothers to abandon these funds, because the results of some studies show that large doses of vitamin A can harm the baby.

During pregnancy, all injectable cosmetic methods are strictly prohibited - mesotherapy, the introduction of botulinum toxin preparations and gels for contour plastics. Firstly, no clinical studies of these methods in pregnant women have been conducted. And secondly, these are extremely painful procedures, and expectant mothers greatly increase their sensitivity.

Pigmentation: Expectant Tactics

Often during pregnancy, women develop hyperpigmentation of the skin. Brown spots can occur on the face, for example, on the cheekbones and cheeks. Nipples darken, midline of the abdomen, skin in the natural folds of the body. Do not worry and strive to get rid of this during pregnancy. Во‑первых , потому , что они пройдут сами через 3−4 месяца после родов , а во-вторых , применение всевозможных пилингов , скрабов , осветляющих лосьонов во время ожидания ребенка может вызвать раздражение кожи.

Уход за телом во время беременности

During pregnancy, you need to take special care of the skin of the body, make sure that the back, legs and shoulders do not get tired, and the spiritual balance of the future mother is not disturbed. Therefore, for pregnant women, special spa programs are provided, aimed primarily at increasing the turgor of the skin of the body and preventing the formation of stretch marks. But, since hot wraps are contraindicated for women in position, in such spa procedures they are usually replaced with cold ones.

In both cases, the same technology is used, only the components themselves are distinguished. In cold wraps, ingredients are used that do not require heating to function. It can be medical mud, seaweed, honey. The main thing is that these components do not cause you allergies. Wraps in this case are applied only to the feet.

In addition to thermal procedures (hot wraps, visits to the sauna and heated pool), anti-cellulite, vacuum and ultrasound massage are contraindicated for pregnant women. In any case, before going to the spa, it is better to consult your doctor and get permission from him to conduct this or that procedure.

Facial Cleansing During Pregnancy

The use of any cleaning devices is strictly contraindicated for expectant mothers (ultrasound, laser, etc.). By the way, the same goes for Darsonval and various electric massagers. Their effect on the baby has not been studied at all, and the benefits in the case of cosmetology cannot exceed the potential harm.

Manual facial cleansing by a cosmetologist is a rather painful procedure. Therefore, it is also contraindicated for expectant mothers. In addition, such a cleansing can provoke a serious inflammatory process in the skin, and a weakened immunity of pregnant women will not be able to cope with it properly. Therefore, do not take risks and wait with professional cleansing until the end of pregnancy.

Not a single competent cosmetologist, knowing that you are pregnant, will not record you for this procedure.

Chemical face peeling during pregnancy

Important! Salicylic acid is absolutely contraindicated for pregnant women, as it has a teratogenic property (it can lead to abnormal fetal development and malformations).

Other acids are not strictly prohibited. Experts believe that during pregnancy, for the deep cleansing of the face, you can do soft chemical peels.

It is important to understand that all acids are different, they have a different molecule in size, and their penetration depth also varies greatly. For example, glycolic and pyruvic acids - the owners of the smallest molecule - are very active and penetrate deeply. And almond and milk with their large molecules work gently in the upper layer of the skin.

So if you still decide to do peeling during pregnancy, it is better to opt for lactic and mandelic acids. Well, of course, use only products with a minimum concentration of 5-15%. There can be no question of any middle peels.

Nevertheless, acids are quite active substances. Therefore, if there is no urgent need for chemical peeling, we recommend leaving them for later. The same goes for enzymes (some experts note that enzymes, with deep penetration, can affect the metabolic processes in cells).

Feet: Relieve Fatigue

During pregnancy, almost all women suffer from leg problems: they quickly get tired, hurt, swell, in the worst case, there is varicose veins. This is especially pronounced in the third trimester. Since the weight of the body increases greatly, and with it the load on the lower extremities also increases. Moreover, excess fluid accumulates in the body of a pregnant woman, due to which edema appears. Therefore, relaxing foot massage is recommended at this time. It will help ensure the outflow of fluid from the legs, relieve fatigue. The only limitation here is the choice of massage cream. It should be hypoallergenic and have a light non-irritating aroma, because women in position are especially sensitive to pungent odors.

Mechanical cleansing

If your skin tolerates scrub well, then for deep cleansing during pregnancy, you can use it. Once a week will be enough. The softer your face scrub, the smaller and rounder its particles - the better.

If friendship does not work out with scrubs, which often happens with problematic or very dry skin, soft pressed sponges made from pressed cellulose or special face brushes can be a good alternative. Together with a competent cleanser, they will help to gently but deeply cleanse the skin.

Also for deep cleansing of the face during pregnancy, you can use gommazhi and mask-skating.

Manicure and pedicure during pregnancy: exercise caution

Services such as classic manicure and pedicure are not the best choice for a beauty salon visitor in the situation. After all, cutting tools and possible injuries from them not only cause negative emotions, but can also become a source of infectious infection. A great alternative to these procedures can be a European unedged manicure and pedicure. After all, the effect after hardware maintenance lasts much longer than after the classic trim. In addition, this treatment can be combined with spa services.

By the way, during pregnancy, most of the vitamins and nutrients in the mother’s body go to the development of the fetus. As a result, stratification of nails, dryness and peeling of the skin become frequent companions of expectant mothers. Regular spa care, as well as the use of firming coatings for nails and manicure oils, will help preserve the beauty of your hands. But, signing up for such a spa procedure, it is worth paying attention to the composition of the drugs. After all, individual intolerance of individual components in products can cause allergic reactions. Also during pregnancy, it is worth paying special attention to the coating of nails. When choosing such a drug, it is better to give preference only to professional products marked with the 3Free badge, which means that they do not contain harmful components. After all, toluene, formaldehyde and dibutyl phthalate, which are often found in low-quality nail polishes, can adversely affect the development of the fetus.

As for modern materials for nail extension, they are absolutely safe for the child. The composition of many of them, such as CND, is absolutely identical to keratin of natural nails and, as a result, is completely harmless.

However, during pregnancy, you should still refrain from nail extensions: their natural appearance is important for diagnosing a woman’s body condition. What is allowed and prohibited during pregnancy.

Hair Care During Pregnancy

Due to hormonal changes during pregnancy and within a few months after childbirth, women can start to lose hair very much. Do not worry: with the restoration of the hormonal background, new ones will grow in place of the lost hair. The main thing is to prevent hair follicles from “falling asleep”. To do this, you just need to regularly massage the scalp. But the use of various lotions and shampoos from falling out during this period is unlikely to have an effect. To minimize the amount of hair falling out, you must use a balm, comb them carefully and gently. Drying also needs a special way, directing a stream of air from the roots to the tips. More tips on hair care during pregnancy and more.

Often women, being in position, are afraid to cut their hair and dye. And if fears about a haircut are just superstitions, then with dyeing, really, you need to be very careful. The scalp absorbs everything that gets on it, including the components of the paint. So, if you still decided to dye your hair, you must do this very carefully - apply the composition only to the hair and avoid getting it on the scalp. With styling products during pregnancy should also be careful. If you used to often use hair spray, it is better to replace it with mousse or wax.

By the way, while waiting for the baby, not only the hair, but also the teeth are destroyed. Therefore, pay attention to special dental care during pregnancy.

Clay masks

Ideal for pregnant women. They have a natural composition, they are not allergenic, they clean pores well, do not injure and “draw out” toxins.

We recommend paying special attention to kaolin - Chinese white clay. ❤ It has a light drying effect, deeply cleanses, tightens pores and plus all this evens out the skin tone a little.

Moisturizing Masks

This is a true must-have for any type of “pregnant” skin. Since blood circulation throughout the body during this period increases, total water saving begins. If you systematically drown, all available water resources will be released "into the blood", and the remaining organs will receive water according to the residual principle. The shortage of water primarily affects the intestines and skin.

Therefore, if you want to maintain healthy skin during pregnancy, it is important to drink 3 liters of fluid per day and be sure to make moisturizing masks.

Alginate masks are especially good for deep hydration. If you do not want to bother with the dilution and application of the classic alginate or do not have time, choose cream masks with hyaluronic acid, collagen, aloe and other moisturizing components.

Lips during pregnancy

Sponges during pregnancy also often suffer from excessive dryness, peeling and even cracking. It is good if your lip balm contains physical SPF, natural oils and waxes. A couple of times a week you can do a light lip peeling using a scrub or the same cellulose sponge, and apply shea butter, cocoa or neem a thick layer at night. Enzymatic lip balms such as Lucas Papay are better for a while to refuse.

Decorative cosmetics. What is it worth to paint your face during pregnancy

Pregnancy is the time to switch to mineral makeup. Minerals are as neutral as possible. In the mass market and professional cosmetics, there are toxic components, harsh preservatives and potential allergens that the skin might not have reacted to before. Now that immunity is already weakened, their presence in cosmetics can be a problem. Therefore, minerals are the best decorative cosmetics for pregnant women.

Summarize

Facial care during pregnancy should be gentle, with the most natural in composition. No hardware procedures, minimum aggressive, deeply penetrating skin components.

Direct your strength towards gentle cleansing and maintaining the skin's natural immunity. After childbirth and the end of lactation, all serious cosmetic products and procedures will be not only safer for you, but also more effective.

More wisdom for expectant mothers:

Love yourself, stay beautiful and enjoy your “interesting position”.

Ask questions and share your pregnancy tips in the comments.

Hair removal during pregnancy: wax instead of laser

Waxing is not contraindicated for expectant mothers throughout the entire period of pregnancy until the very birth, but not all waxes are suitable for it. To make the procedure painless and safe, it is better to choose natural preparations, for example, Lycon. They consist of completely harmless components of natural origin, and their use does not require heating. Thanks to a special application technique, hair removal is quick and painless. But laser, photo and electrolysis during pregnancy is better not to carry out.

Use the right care during pregnancy, love yourself, and most importantly - smile more! Indeed, in this period, all women are beautiful as ever.

Olga Karaseva
Photo: Juicy / Fotolink. Alexander Zelentsov

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